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It is thought that Honolulu was first settled many years ago. It is one of the USA the oldest cities and a great place to continue the tradition of building your own home. So if you are considering beginning a self build home project in Honolulu, you are in good company.

Or, for example, if you are not building a house from scratch, but just decided to make repairs to some part of your home, such as the kitchen. Then you better turn to professionals. In Hawaii, people often turn to HawaiiTrustedRealty, which offers such a service(https://hawaiitrustedrealty.co....m/builder/kitchen-re ), for kitchen renovations. Renovating a kitchen is not easy, so you should trust it to people who can do it well.

Planning is important, so before any decisions are made, there are a few things that you can do to lay the foundations for a project that will run smoothly. Paying a visit to some self build exhibitions and shows is a good way to understand how the self build process works, and taking time to go round some show homes in the area will give you inspiration and helps to get an idea of the size of rooms.

Engaging an architect early on will save you time and money in the long run, and the expertise an architect will bring to your project will be invaluable. They can be of help when you are choosing a plot, as they see the lay of the land quite differently from the layperson. They can see difficulties that may arise as a result of that pretty stream, the seemingly gentle slope or those lovely trees.

Choosing a plot for your self build home is only the first step, and your architect can guide you from this point right to the moment they drop your keys in your hand. They can organize all the trades required and project mange the whole build on your behalf if that is what you want.

Another important consideration for the planning stage is what type of construction materials you want to use in your self build home project. To some degree this may be determined by where your plot lies as planning control will have regulations that you will have to adhere to and by whether you are keen to utilize eco-friendly techniques throughout your build.

Whatever style of home you are dreaming of however, taking time for proper planning will pay dividends in the end. So when you are beginning your self build home in Honolulu engage an architect, visit exhibitions and show homes and then plan, plan, plan…

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It is thought that Honolulu was first settled many years ago. It is one of the USA the oldest cities and a great place to continue the tradition of building your own home. So if you are considering beginning a self build home project in Honolulu, you are in good company.

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The harmful ableist language you unknowingly use

Some of our most common, ingrained expressions have damaging effects on millions of people – and many of us don't know we're hurting others when we speak.
As we head into 2022, Worklife is running our best, most insightful and most essential stories from 2021. When you’re done with this article, check out our full list of the year’s top stories.

I like being deaf. I like the silence as well as the rich culture and language deafness affords me. When I see the word ‘deaf’ on the page, it evokes a feeling of pride for my community, and calls to me as if I’m being addressed directly, as if it were my name.

So, it always stings when I’m reminded that for many, the word ‘deaf’ has little to do with what I love most – in fact, its connotations are almost exclusively negative. For example, in headlines across the world – Nevada’s proposed gun safety laws, pleas from Ontario’s elderly and weather safety warnings in Queensland – have all “fallen on deaf ears”.

This kind of ‘ableist’ language is omnipresent in conversation: making a “dumb” choice, turning a “blind eye” to a problem, acting “crazy”, calling a boss “psychopathic”, having a “bipolar” day. And, for the most part, people who utter these phrases aren’t intending to hurt anyone – more commonly, they don’t have any idea they’re engaging in anything hurtful at all.

However, for disabled people like me, these common words can be micro-assaults. For instance, “falling on deaf ears” provides evidence that most people associate deafness with wilful ignorance (even if they consciously may not). But much more than individual slights, expressions like these can do real, lasting harm to the people whom these words and phrases undermine – and even the people who use them in daily conversation, too.

Not a small problem

About 1 billion people worldwide – 15% of the global population – have some type of documented disability. In the US, this proportion is even larger, at about one in four people, with similar rates reported in the UK.

Despite these numbers, disabled people experience widespread discrimination at nearly every level of society. This phenomenon, known as 'ableism' – discrimination based on disability – can take on various forms. Personal ableism might look like name-calling, or committing violence against a disabled person, while systemic ableism refers to the inequity disabled people experience as a result of laws and policy.

But ableism can also be indirect, even unintentional, in the form of linguistic micro-aggressions. As much as we all like to think we’re careful with the words we choose, ableist language is a pervasive part of our lexicon. Examples in pop culture are everywhere, and you’ve almost certainly used it yourself.

Frequently, ableist language (known to some as ‘disableist’ language) crops up in the slang we use, like calling something “dumb” or “lame”, or making a declaration like, “I’m so OCD!”. Though these might feel like casual slights or exclamations, they still do damage.

Jamie Hale, the London-based CEO of Pathfinders Neuromuscular Alliance, a UK charity run for and by people with neuromuscular conditions, notes that the potential for harm exists even if the words are not used against a disabled person specifically. “There's a sense when people use disableist language, that they are seeing ways of being as lesser,” says Hale. “It is often not a conscious attempt to harm disabled people, but it acts to construct a world-view in which existing as a disabled person is [negative].”

Using language that equates disability to something negative can be problematic in several ways.

First, these words give an inaccurate picture of what being disabled actually means. “To describe someone as ‘crippled by’ something is to say that they are 'limited' [or] 'trapped', perhaps,” says Hale. “But those aren't how I experience my being.”

Disability as metaphor is also an imprecise way to say of saying what we really mean. The phrase ‘fall on deaf ears’, for example, both perpetuates stereotypes and simultaneously obscures the reality of the situation it describes. Being deaf is an involuntary state, whereas hearing people who let pleas ‘fall on deaf ears’ are making a conscious choice to ignore those requests. Labelling them ‘deaf’ frames them as passive, rather than people actively responsible for their own decisions.

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